FRGTWJTمدرسه وکالت و تجارت |نفت و اقتصاد|School of Law & Business
نفت , اقتصاد , تجارت بین الملل , شرکت های تجاری , بازرگانی بین المللی , مشاوره بازرگانی,مطالعات تخصصی حقوق تجارت,مقالات  
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 مدرسه وکالت و تجارت

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معرفی کتاب

کتاب مسئولیت مدنی شرکت های نفتی دولتی

کتاب اصول فقه مهارتی

کتاب جامع راهنمای اصول فقه

What is Oil and Gas Law

Oil and Gas Law in the United States is the branch of law that pertains to the acquisition and ownership rights in oil and gas both under the soil before discovery and after its capture, and adjudication regarding those rights.

The law regulating oil and gas ownership in the U.S. generally differs considerably from laws in Europe because oil and gas are often owned privately in the U.S. as opposed to being owned by the national government in numerous other countries. In the U.S., extraction of oil and gas is by and large regulated by the individual states through statutes and common law. Federal and constitutional law do apply as well.


In the United States, oil and gas rights to a certain parcel may be owned by private individuals, corporations, Indian tribes, or by local, state, or federal governments. Oil and gas rights extend vertically downward from the property line. Unless unambiguously separated by a deed, oil and gas rights are owned by the surface landowner. Once severed from surface ownership, oil and gas rights may be bought, sold, or transferred, like other real estate property.

Oil and gas rights offshore are owned by either the state or federal government and leased to oil companies for development.

Although oil and gas laws vary by state, the laws regarding ownership prior to, at, and after extraction are practically universal. An owner of real estate also owns the minerals underneath the surface, unless the minerals are severed under a preceding deed or an agreement.

Unless mineral rights are severed, whoever owns the fee of the soil owns everything below the surface, limited by the extent of the surface rights. Oil and gas are fluids, because of this; they may flow in the subsurface through property boundaries. An operator may lawfully extract oil and gas from beneath the land of another, if the extraction is legally conducted on his own property. An operator may not, however, angle a well to penetrate beneath property not owned by or leased to him.

Rule of Capture and Correlative Rights Doctrine

The two conflicting legal doctrines covering oil and gas extraction are the rule of capture, and the correlative rights doctrine. Which of the doctrines applies in a particular case depends on state law, which varies considerably from state to state, or in the case of the federal offshore zone, on US federal law.

For more information on Gas Laws, please use the resources below or contact one of the attorneys on our Law Firms page.


طبقه بندی: Legal English Language، پایگاه مقالات حقوقی، حقوق نفت و گاز، حقوق انرژی، حقوق تطبیقی،
برچسب ها: Oil، Gas، Law، Oil ownership، Oil and Gas Law in the United States، US federal law، حقوق نفت و گاز در امریکا،
[ دوشنبه 14 فروردین 1396 ] [ 12:50 ب.ظ ] [ مدرسه وکالت و تجارت ]
.: Web Themes By Ali Aminzadeh :.

درباره تارنما

سحرم دولت بیدار به بالین آمد
گفت برخیز که آن خسرو شیرین آمد
قدحی درکش و سرخوش به تماشا بخرام
تا ببینی که نگارت به چه آیین آمد


آزادی بیان و ارائه فکر و عقیده از حقوق طبیعی هر انسان است.
این تارنما را ایجاد نمودم
تا آنچه از حقوق و تجارت در ذهن دارم
از عرصه اندیشه به میدان قلم بیاورم.
لذت تجارت به حدی است که فلسفه و سیاست روح مرا تعالی نمی دهد.
تجارت پایه و اساس
سعادت و خوشبختی هر جامعه است.
محمد بن عبدالله (ص) فرمود :
«اگر نان نبود،
ما نماز نمی خواندیم و روزه نمی گرفتیم».
تجارت را برگزیدم
تا دل و دین و دنیا نیز با من باشد.

روح الله خـلـجی


Le régime juridique de l'Iran droit beaucoup à celui de la France. Le droit civil, le droit du commerce, le droit public, les notions utiles et fréquentes du droit pénal ainsi que les jurisprudences de la cour suprême de la France ont toujours été utilisés comme des modèles pour les juristes, les législateurs et les juges iraniens. L'école de droit et des affaires essaie d'introduire les lois et les jurisprudences françaises et promouvoir ainsi l'influence du régime juridique français sur celui de l'Iran
Rouhollah KHALAJI
Avocat et conseiller juridique